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Conciliation practice in the US Judicial System

Introduction: Conciliation is currently widely used in the United States and other nations. People can resort to a conciliation court to resolve legal problems in a simple and informal manner. In conciliation court, there are no jury trials and no adjudication or judicial verdict. Each party in the case gives their side of the story to the judge, who then makes a judgment on the matter.

The conciliation court is sometimes known as "small claims court" or "people's courts" in the American legal system. Civil (non-criminal) issues are decided by conciliation courts. A mediation court exists in each county. To file an action in conciliation court, the American legal system requires payment of a filing fee. If the first party wins the case, the money will be returned to them. It's worth noting that if a party cannot afford to pay the filing fee, the court can allow the case to proceed without payment provided the extra form demonstrating an inability to pay the filing fee is completed. In conciliation court, evidence can also be presented. If a party disagrees with the ruling, it has the right to appeal to the district court.

American Judicial System: Conciliation and mediation are often used interchangeably in the American legal system. The distinction between mediation and conciliation in terms of technical or legal distinctions is quite small. The terms "mediation" and "conciliation" are synonymous. In both practices, successful completion of the procedure results in a mutually agreed settlement of the dispute between the parties, though mediation is treated differently than conciliation in some jurisdictions because mediation places a greater emphasis on the neutral third party's positive role than conciliation does. However, this distinction should not be made between mediation and conciliation since the breadth of the role that a neutral third party can play is determined by the nature of the disagreement, the parties' desire, and the neutrals' expertise.

The United Nations General Assembly established Conciliation Rules through a Resolution on December 4, 1980, and also suggested that the Conciliation Rules be used in international economic disputes. Most nations have embraced the model legislation on international commercial arbitration developed by the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (UNCITRAL), as well as Rules of Conciliation, and only India has implemented "The Arbitration & Conciliation Act 1996" on that basis. The Inter-National Chamber of Commerce (ICC) has issued ICC Rules of Optional Conciliation, which layout guidelines for reaching an agreeable agreement.

In conclusion, the characteristic of the conciliation process is reciprocity. The need to cultivate a desire to accommodate the genuine interests of the other party, faith in the other's objects, and capacity to reason to evolve cultivates the desire to sit together and reciprocate, and to resolve the difference amicably. As a result, it is usually better to settle a conflict through conciliation.



(This Article Does Not Intend To Hurt The Sentiments Of Any Individual Community, Sect, or Religion, Etcetera. This Article Is Based Purely On The Authors Personal Views And Opinions In The Exercise Of The Fundamental Right Guaranteed Under Article 19(1)(A) And Other Related Laws Being Force In India, For The Time Being. Further, despite all efforts made to ensure the accuracy and correctness of the information published, White Code VIA Mediation and Arbitration Centre Foundation shall not be responsible for any errors caused due to human error or otherwise.)


  • Introduction
  • American Judicial System
  • Conclusion

BY : Devika Jayaraj

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