Garware Wall Ropes Ltd vs. Coastal Marine Constructions & Engineering Ltd.
Appellants: Garware Wall Ropes Ltd.
Respondent: Coastal Marine Constructions & Engineering Ltd.
Facts: Present appeal arises out of a sub-contract given by the Appellant to the Respondent in respect of work to be done for installation of a geo-textile tubes embankment with toe mound at village Pentha in Odisha for protection against coastal erosion. Disputes arose between parties, and on 2nd January, 2015, the Appellant terminated the sub-contract. As a result, on 20th July, 2016, the Respondent wrote to the Appellant stating that, as disputes and differences had arisen between the parties, notice was given of appointment of Mr. Mihir Naniwadekar, Advocate, as sole arbitrator. The Appellant replied stating that the appointment of Mr. Naniwadekar as sole arbitrator was not acceptable as invocation of arbitration in pursuance of the agreement is premature. The Respondent, therefore, filed a petition under Section 11 of 1996 Act before the Bombay High Court. By the impugned judgment, Section 11 petition was allowed and Mr. Naniwadekar was appointed as sole arbitrator to adjudicate upon disputes and differences which have arisen between the Appellant and the Respondent in relation to the sub-contract. The question raised in present appeal is as to what is the effect of an arbitration Clause contained in a contract which requires to be stamped. According to Appellant, the judgment in SMS Tea Estates continues to apply even after the introduction of Section 11(6A) to the 1996 Act, by which the Court is now to confine itself to the examination of the existence of an arbitration agreement.
Held: Introduction of Section 11(6A) does not, in any manner, deal with or get over the basis of the judgment in SMS Tea Estates, which continues to apply even after the amendment of Section 11(6A). In the facts of the present case, it is clear that the arbitration Clause that is contained in the sub-contract would not "exist" as a matter of law until the sub-contract is duly stamped.
A harmonious construction needs to be given to the provisions of the Act, 1958 and Section 11(13) of the 1996 Act by which, if it is possible, both provisions ought to be sub-served. Under the Maharashtra Stamp Act, 1958, the object of impounding an instrument that is unstamped is to ensure that stamp duty and penalty must be paid on such instrument before it is acted upon by any authority. Likewise, under Section 11(13) of the 1996 Act, an application made under Section 11 for appointment of an arbitrator should be disposed of as expeditiously as possible, and, in any event, an endeavour shall be made to dispose of such application at least within a period of 60 days from the date of service of notice on the opposite party.
Reasonable way of harmonising the provisions contained in Sections 33 and 34 of the Maharashtra Stamp Act, 1958 which is a general statute and Section 11(13) of the 1996 Act, which applies specifically to speedy resolution of disputes by appointment of an arbitrator expeditiously, is by declaring that, while proceeding with the Section 11 application, the High Court must impound the instrument which has not borne stamp duty and hand it over to the authority under the Act, 1958. That Authority will then decide issues qua payment of stamp duty and penalty as expeditiously as possible, and preferably within a period of 45 days from the date on which the authority receives the instrument. As soon as stamp duty and penalty are paid on the instrument, any of the parties can bring the instrument to the notice of the High Court, which will then proceed to expeditiously hear and dispose of the Section 11 application. This will also ensure that, once a Section 11 application is allowed and an arbitrator is appointed, the arbitrator can then proceed to decide the dispute within the time frame provided by Section 29A of the 1996 Act.
The matter is remitted to High Court to dispose of the same in the light of present judgment. Appeal allowed.
- Section 11 of Arbitration and Conciliation Act
- (2019) 9 SCC 209
- Supreme Court Judgement Dated- 10.04.2019