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Quippo Construction Equipment Ltd v Janardan Nirman

Quippo Construction Equipment Ltd v Janardan Nirman


Janardan Nirman Pvt Limited (Respondent) is a company occupied with the business of infrastructure improvement activities. The Appellant, Quippo Construction Equipment Ltd, is a company occupied with the business of giving hardware to infrastructure activities. The parties went into four distinct agreements for the supply of construction hardware. Under three of these, the parties designated New Delhi as the setting for arbitration, to be administered by the Construction Industry Arbitration Association (CIAA). In the rest of the arrangement, they consented to Kolkata as the setting for arbitration, to be administered by the Construction Industry Arbitration Council (CIAC). At the point when a dispute arose, the CIAA assigned a sole arbitrator to direct proceedings in New Delhi. The respondent was enough told. Preventing the existence from getting any understanding between the parties, the respondent recorded a suit in the Sealdah Court seeking an order against the appealing party from continuing with the arbitration. While the Sealdah Court at first passed a request restraining the arbitration proceedings, the issue alluded to arbitration after the litigant documented an application under Section 8 of the Arbitration Act. On the resumption of arbitral proceedings, despite sufficient notification and opportunities given, the respondent neglected to show up and present its case before the arbitrator. In the end, the arbitrator passed an ex-parte grant tolerating the appealing party's claims in the entirety of the agreements.

Supreme Court's decision


The Supreme Court was needed to choose whether the honor could be set aside based on the respondent's protest that the spot and consolidation of arbitration(s) was inconsistent with the parties' agreement(s). To this end, the Court also hosted to choose if the gatherings' entitlement to protest the arbitration scene can be waived by the parties by their lead, inside the scope of Section 4 of the Arbitration Act. The respondent contended that the parties' decision of spot can't be disparaged or esteemed to be waived by lead.

In Narayan Prasad Lohia vs. Nikunj Kumar Lohia and Ors (Lohia), the Supreme Court needed to choose if an arbitration grant can be tested on grounds that it was passed by a two-part council; despite the fact that no protest was raised during the arbitral proceedings. Section 10 of the Arbitration Act expressly disallows the parties' entitlement to choose a much number of arbitrators. Nonetheless, based on Section 4, the Court noticed that the parties reserve an option to challenge the council's composition in an application under Section 16 of the Act. This test has to be made inside as far as possible set out in Section 16(2), for example before the submission of the statement of defense. The parties are allowed to not raise such a test and continue with the arbitration. In the event that they neglect to protest, therefore, it was held that neither one of the parties can challenge the composition of the court at a later stage. It will be regarded a waiver inside the significance of Section 4. Therefore, even a seemingly compulsory provision (Section 10) was held to be derogable by direct.

Depending on Lohia, the Supreme Court noted in Quippo that the respondent might have had a problem with the council's setting and consolidation of disputes in an application under Section 16. In any case, since the respondent neglected to try and take an interest in the proceedings and didn't raise any submission that the Arbitrator didn't have jurisdiction or that he was surpassing the scope of his power, the respondent was considered to have waived every single such protest. Separately, the Supreme Court distinguished Quippo from Duro Felguera, since the last included 4 agreements accommodating domestic arbitration and 2 for international arbitration; every one of them having Hyderabad as the setting. Further, Duro was chosen with regards to an application under Section 11(6) of the Act.

In logical inconsistency, each of the four agreements in Quippo included domestic arbitration with almost indistinguishable arbitral mechanisms. The main contrast was that one of them given to Kolkata as the scene. Interestingly, the Supreme Court also featured the provision for curial law in Indian arbitration under Section 20; and noticed that the specification of a 'position of arbitration' may have special significance in an International Commercial Arbitration, where the spot of arbitration may figure out which curial law would apply. Notwithstanding, in a domestic arbitration like Quippo, the pertinent substantive and curial law would be the same.

It was held that the respondent had, by its lead, waived all objections to the setting of arbitration and consolidation of disputes. The allure was thus permitted.


This article does not intend to hurt the sentiments of any individual, community, sect, or religion, etcetera. This article is based purely on the author’s personal opinion and views in the exercise of the Fundamental Rights guaranteed under Article 19(1)(A) and other related laws being enforced in India for the time being.

  • Quippo Construction Equipment Ltd v Janardan Nirman
  • Construction Industry Arbitration Association (CIAA)


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