Whether a clause mentioned in a very little font at the bottom of the invoice valid?
Parmeet Singh Chatwal & Ors. v. Ashwani Sahani The Court held that the so-known clause that was mounted on the invoice was reproduced in a very little font at the bottom of the invoice. Thus, it's uncertain that the petitioner even detected that he was signing a document that has a clause and it cannot be concluded that parties were ad idem. In light of the settled position of law, the Court analyzed the invoice and putative clause contained in this. The Court commanded that a perusing of the invoice shows that it's not clear on whether or not the Award debtor has signed the invoice or it's been signed on his behalf by another entity.
That apart, the manner of signing indicates that the person is simply signing receipt of the products instead of agreeing to the arbitration agreement between the parties. In Court’s opinion, the style within which the signatures are affixed on the invoice doesn't indicate an intent on the part of the Award debtor agreeing to settle their disputes through arbitration.
Further, the Court noted that the thus called clause is reproduced in a very little font at the bottom of the invoice. Thus, it's uncertain if the Award debtor even detected that he was signing a document that has a clause. It's unacceptable to conclude that the parties were ad idem. The court conjointly noted that the disputes are to be settled by Delhi Hindustani Mercantile Association. However, there's nothing to indicate however the arbitrational judicature is established by the said Delhi Hindustani Mercantile Association.
There's no agreement indicated within the clause of the composition of the arbitrational judicature. The arbitration agreement need not be of any specific kind. what's needed to be discovered is that the intention of the parties to settle their disputes through arbitration. An arbitration agreement's essential parts or attributes are the agreement to refer their disputes or variations to arbitration, which is expressly or impliedly spelled out from a clause in an agreement, separate agreement, or documents/correspondence changed between the parties.
 [Judgment dated February 14, 2020, in OMP 1445/2014]
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