Recognition proceedings concerning the judgment debtor
On account of a foreign award, the concerned High Court having unique locale to choose the inquiries shaping the topic of the arbitral award will have ward over an application for the requirement as far as area 47 read with segment 49 of the Arbitration Act. on account of a domestic seated tribunal, the important Civil Court of the unique ward in a region and the High Court in situations where the High Court practices standard unique common purview would have the purview to hear an application for authorization of the award under section 36 read with section 2(1)(e)(i) of the Arbitration Act.
In the event of discretion other than an international commercial arbitration, if the chief court of original jurisdiction is a domestic court, all applications emerging out of such mediation are to be heard and discarded by the Commercial Court, where established. Further, on the off chance that where the High Court has original jurisdiction to engage disagreements about a specific monetary edge, all applications or emerging out of such intervention are to be heard and arranged off by the Commercial Division where such Commercial Division has been established in such a High Court.
An award holder must file its application for the recognition of an arbitral award which may be foreign or domestic under the competent court in whose jurisdiction award holder or judgment debtor's assets are found. Where the advantages of the judgment indebted person are situated in the regional ward of more than one court, the award holder can record execution petitions all the while in every single such court. As seen from the practice prevalent in courts, the candidate by and large records a rundown of benefits held by the judgment account holder alongside the implementation request (or states reasons concerning why it accepts that the advantages of the judgment indebted person are situated inside the regional ward of the court where the execution procedures are documented). Where the award holder can't recognize the benefits of the judgment debtor, the award holder may make an application to the court mentioning an exposure of the advantages held by the award holder under provisions closely resembling Order XXI Rule 41 of the Code of Civil Procedure 1908 (CPC).
On account of a foreign award, section 47(1) of the Arbitration Act gives that a party to the dispute applying to the implementation of an award will, at the hour of the application, produce under the watchful eye of the court the first award or a duplicate thereof, appropriately validated in the way required by the law of the nation in which it was settled on; the original award for an assertion or a properly certified duplicate thereof; and such proof as might be important to demonstrate that it is the foreign award. To the extent that an award passed by domestic court is concerned, the first duplicate of the award must be recorded in court. Indian courts have held that on account of a domestic award if the first award isn't recorded in court, a certified copy. Might be filed with underwriting in regards to whether the original award is duly stamped or registered. Once the executing court is satisfied that an award is recognizable or enforceable, the award is deemed to be a decree of that court as per the provisions of section 36 or section 49 of the Arbitration and Conciliation Act, 1996.