Mediation in Religious Texts
In the current era, the process of mediation is the most preferred way of dispute resolution as compared to other methods owing to the amicable and fruitful process involved. In recent years, there has been a steady increment in the number of cases that opt for mediation to resolve the dispute. But calling this process to be the brainchild of the present population might be a wrong call. This way of solving wherein a neutral third party is present to amicably find a solution can be traced in various religious texts across the world.
Hinduism- In Shrimad Bhagavad Gita, Chapter Nine, verse 29, Lord Shri Krishna said to Arjuna: "I envy no one nor am I partial to anyone; I am equal to all." Gita shows how, Shri Krishna was an ideal mediation for the Kauravas and Pandavas, as he was the one to proposed numerous settlements between the two parties to avoid war. When the war happened, he gave his armies to one side and become an advisor of another, being impartial; throughout the process. Though not directly, but these instances in Gita do depict that Shri Krishna was no less than an ideal mediator.
Christianity- As per the Holy Bible, Matthew 5:9 urges Christians to useful means to resolve disputes amicably. Matthew 18:15-17 states that in case of a deadlock, the parties should contact a third neutral party to get their issue resolved. These passages reinforce the message of amicable solutions thus paving the way for mediation.
Islam- Even in Islam, the Qur'an, the Sunna, the Ijma, and the Qiyas support “peaceful conflict settlement: within the Islamic community; between Islamic and non-Islamic communities; and between two or more non-Muslim communities”, thus using mediation for dispute resolutions owing to its peaceful characteristic.